Hill -v- Cork Examiner Publications Limited, [2001] IESC 95 (2001)

Docket Number:335/00
Party Name:Hill, Cork Examiner Publications Limited
Judge:Murphy J.

Record No: 335/2000

Murphy J

Murray J

McGuinness J


Finbarr Hill



Cork Examiner Publications Ltd


Judgment of Mr Justice Francis D Murphy Delivered the 14th Day of November, 2001


On the 17th day of November, 2000, Barr J ordered that Finbarr Hill, the above named Plaintiff/Respondent, (Mr Hill) should recover from the Cork Examiner Publications Limited, the above named Defendant/Appellant (the Examiner) the sum of £60,000 as damages for a defamatory article published by the Examiner of and concerning Mr Hill together with the costs of the proceedings. It is from that judgment award and order that the Examiner appeals to this Court.

The background to these proceedings is as follows. On the 5th day of July, 1994, Mr Hill pleaded guilty to a charge of occasioning actual bodily harm contrary to s.47 of the Offences Against the Person Act, 1861, on which he had been indicted, and on the 25th of July, 1994, it was ordered that he be imprisoned on that charge for the term of three years from the 6th day of July, 1994, subject to the provision that such sentence should be reviewed on the 11th January, 1996. Subsequent to his imprisonment the Examiner, with the permission of the relevant authorities, decided to publish an article on Cork jail where Mr Hill was imprisoned. A journalist and photographer in the employment of the Examiner visited the prison. The journalist obtained certain information and the photographer took a number of photographs including a photograph of the cell occupied by Mr Hill. It appears that the reason for photographing the particular cell was that it was kept in a clean condition by Mr Hill. It also contained a number of posters which might have been expected to give added interest to the publication. There is some dispute as to how it came about, but Mr Hill was undoubtedly photographed in his cell and that photograph was published in an article published in the Examiner newspaper on the 25th day of October, 1995, under the headline "Isolation of Cork Jail's C Wing". In the article it was stated that C Wing prisoners were child molesters, sexual offenders or incarcerated there for their own protection.

By plenary summons issued on the 17th day of December, 1995, Mr Hill instituted proceedings against the Examiner claiming damages for libel. It was contended in the statement of claim subsequently delivered that the article published by the Examiner and/or the juxtaposition of the accompanying photographs meant, and were understood to mean that the Plaintiff was a sexual offender; a child molester, rapist or otherwise that he was a person who was dissolute and of criminal character. In their defence the Examiner denied that the article bore or was understood to bear the meaning attributed to it by Mr Hill and furthermore the Examiner denied that the Plaintiff had been injured in his credit or his reputation. It was expressly asserted by the Examiner that Mr Hill was a man of worthless reputation having been convicted of a number of criminal offences. The matter was heard before Mr Justice Barr and a jury on the 15th and 16th of November, 2000. Mr Hill and his father, Denis in addition to four other witnesses were called on behalf of the Plaintiff. No witnesses were called on behalf of the defence. At the conclusion of the trial the following questions were put to the jury and answered by them as follows:-

Question 1: Would a reasonable reader of the article complained of have been left with the impression that the Plaintiff was at the time of publication one of those incarcerated in that part of Cork prison which was at that time reserved for sexual offenders, child molesters and offenders segregated from the rest of the prison population in the interest of their own safety?

Answer: Yes.

Question 2: If the answer to question 1 is in the affirmative was the Plaintiff thereby libelled?

Answer: Yes.

Question 3: If the answer to question 2 is in the affirmative assess damages:

Answer: £60,000.

From that award and the order made pursuant thereto the Examiner appeal to this Court by notice dated the 15th day of December, 2000, which set out seventeen grounds of appeal. However, Mr John Gordon, SC, on behalf of the Examiner condensed or grouped the grounds of appeal under four headings, namely:

"1 That the finding of the jury as to the impression which the article would have created on the reasonable reader was erroneous and contrary to the evidence adduced.

2 That the trial Judge erred by imposing an "excessive limitation" on the evidence that the Defendant was permitted to adduce in relation to the offence in respect of which the Plaintiff was serving a sentence at the time of...

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