Minister for Justice and Equality v Pawel Surma

JurisdictionIreland
CourtHigh Court
JudgeMr Justice Edwards
Judgment Date03 Dec 2013
Neutral Citation[2013] IEHC 618

[2013] IEHC 618

THE HIGH COURT

Record No. 154 Ext./2012
Min for Justice v Surma
APPROVED
Mr. Justice Edwards
JUDGMENT
IN THE MATTER OF THE EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003, AS AMENDED
Between/
THE MINISTER FOR JUSTICE AND EQUALITY
Applicant
-AND-
PAWEL SURMA
Respondent

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S13

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S16

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S16(1)

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S45

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S21A

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S22

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S23

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S24

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (TERRORIST OFFENCES) ACT 2005 S79

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (TERRORIST OFFENCES) ACT 2005 S80

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (TERRORIST OFFENCES) ACT 2005 S81

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (TERRORIST OFFENCES) ACT 2005 S82

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 PART 3

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S16(1)(C)

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA ART 3

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA ART 4

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA ART 5(1)

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT 2009 S20

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S45A

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S45B

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S45C

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA RECITAL 12

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA ART 1(2)

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA ART 1(3)

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 6(1)

CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 47(2)

CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 48(2)

CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 52(3)

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 6

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 6(3)

COLOZZA v ITALY 1985 7 EHRR 516

JONES v UNITED KINGDOM 2003 37 EHRR CD269

POITRIMOL v FRANCE 1993 18 EHRR 130

KROMBACH v FRANCE UNREP ECHR 13.2.2001 (APPLICATION NO 29731/96)

SOMOGYI v ITALY 2008 46 EHRR 5

SEJDOVIC v ITALY 2006 42 EHRR 17

MAKARENKO v RUSSIA UNREP ECHR 22.12.2009 (APPLICATION NO 5962/03)

EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS ACT 2003 ART 6

NEUMEISTER v AUSTRIA (NO 2) (1979-80) 1 EHRR 136

LE COMPTE & ORS v BELGIUM 1983 5 EHRR 183

BOSE HARMONIZING PROCEDURAL RIGHTS INDIRECTLY: THE FRAMEWORK DECISION ON TRIALS IN ABSENTIA NORTH CAROLINA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW & COMMERCIAL REGULATION 2011 VOL 37 NO 2 489-510

MEDENICA v SWITZERLAND UNREP ECHR 14.6.2001 (APPLICATION NO 20491/92)

DEMEBUKOV v BULGARIA 2010 50 EHRR 41

T v ITALY UNREP ECHR 12.10.1992 (APPLICATION NO 14104/88)

VAN GEYSEGHEM v BELGIUM 2001 32 EHRR 24

EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS ACT 2003 ART 6(3)

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 26.2.2009 2009/299/JHA RECITAL 2

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 26.2.2009 2009/299/JHA RECITAL 14

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 26.2.2009 2009/299/JHA RECITAL 15

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 26.2.2009 2009/299/JHA ART 1

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA ART 2

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 24.2.2005 2005/214/JHA ART 3

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 6.10.2006 2006/783/JHA ART 4

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 27.11.2008 2008/909/JHA ART 5

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 27.11.2008 2008/947/JHA ART 6

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 26.2.2009 2009/299/JHA ART 8(1)

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 26.2.2009 2009/299/JHA ART 8(3)

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 26.2.2009 2009/299/JHA ART 8(2)

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 26.2.2009 2009/299/JHA ART 2

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA ART 5(1)

COUNCIL FRAMEWORK DECISION 13.6.2002 2002/584/JHA ART 4(A)

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (APPLICATION TO THIRD COUNTRIES & AMDT) & EXTRADITION (AMDT) ACT 2012 PART 3

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (APPLICATION TO THIRD COUNTRIES & AMDT) & EXTRADITION (AMDT) ACT 2012 S6

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S11(1)

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (TERRORIST OFFENCES) ACT 2005 S72

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (APPLICATION TO THIRD COUNTRIES & AMDT) & EXTRADITION (AMDT) ACT 2012 S10

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (APPLICATION TO THIRD COUNTRIES & AMDT) & EXTRADITION (AMDT) ACT 2012 S10(A)

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (APPLICATION TO THIRD COUNTRIES & AMDT) & EXTRADITION (AMDT) ACT 2012 S10(D)

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (APPLICATION TO THIRD COUNTRIES & AMDT) & EXTRADITION (AMDT) ACT 2012 S23

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S11

CONSTITUTION ART 25.4.1

INTERPRETATION ACT 2005 S16

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (TERRORIST OFFENCES) ACT 2005 S68

MIN FOR JUSTICE & ORS v JASTRZEBSKI UNREP PEART 3.2.2010 2010/35/8753 2010 IEHC 202

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S10

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT 2009 S6

CONSTITUTION ART 15.5

HAMILTON v HAMILTON 1982 IR 466

CORK CO COUNCIL & ORS v SLATTERY PRE-CAST CONCRETE LTD & ORS UNREP CLARKE 19.9.2008 2008/8/1581 2008 IEHC 291

PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT ACT 2000 S160

TOSS LTD v DISTRICT COURT JUSTICE UNREP BLAYNEY 24.11.87 1987/8/2258

MELLONI v MINISTERIO FISCAL 2013 QB 1067 2013 3 WLR 717 2013 2 CMLR 43

CONSTITUTION ART 15.5.1

SLOAN & ORS v CULLIGAN 1992 1 IR 223 1991 ILRM 641

KENNY v BORD PLEANALA (NO 1) 2001 1 IR 565 2000/11/4343 2000 IEHC 146

MIN FOR JUSTICE & ORS v JASTRZEBSKI UNREP 12.1.2010 2010/35/8756 2010 IEHC 201

MIN FOR JUSTICE v TOKARSKI UNREP SUPREME 6.12.2012 2012/29/8376 2012 IESC 61

MIN FOR JUSTICE v GHEORGHE UNREP SUPREME 18.11.2009 2009/39/9656 2009 IESC 76

INTERPRETATION ACT 1937 S21(1)(C)

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S13(1)

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT ACT 2003 S13(2)

CRIMINAL JUSTICE (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT 2009 S9

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (APPLICATION TO THIRD COUNTRIES & AMDT) & EXTRADITION (AMDT) ACT 2012 S8

EXTRADITION

European arrest warrant

Application for surrender - European arrest warrant executed and endorsed prior to commencement of legislative changes - Poland - Service of sentence of eight months imprisonment - Effect of legislative amendments - Retrospectivity - Subsidiary issues - Form of warrant - Pre-conditions to non-voluntary surrender - Undertaking from issuing authority that person be retried for offence when not present at original trial and conviction -Right to a fair trial - Right to take part in hearing - Trial in absentia - Waiver of right to be present - Consequences of waiver - Notification of hearing - Representation by lawyer - Transposition dates - No specific commencement date - Standard form of warrant replaced with questionnaire - Establishment of unequivocal waiver - Principle of mutual recognition - Review of assessment of issuing authority - Point of exceptional public importance - Presumption against retrospective effect - Distinction between substantive and procedural provisions - Temporal applicability - Objectives of instrument - Seeking of additional information from issuing State - Whether legislative amendments procedural or substantive - Whether amendments had retrospective effect - Whether warrant in correct form - Colozza v Italy (App No 9024/80) (1985) 7 EHRR 516; Jones v United Kingdom (App No 30900/02) (2003) 37 EHRR CD 269; Poitrimol v France (App No 10432/88) (1994) 18 EHRR 130; Krombach v France (App No 29731/96) (Unrep, ECHR, 13/2/2001); Somogyi v Italy (App No 67972/01)(2008) 46 EHRR 5; Sejdovic v Italy (App No 56581/00) (2006) 42 EHRR 17; Makarenko v Russia (App No 5962/03) (Unrep, ECHR, 22/12/2009); Neumeister v Austria (App No 1936/63) (1979-1980) 1 EHRR 136; Le Compte v Belgium (App No 6878/75) (1983) 5 EHRR 130; Medenica v Switzerland (App No 20491/92) (Unrep, ECHR, 12/12/2001); Demebukov v Bulgaria (App No 68020/01) (2010) 50 EHRR 41; T v Italy (App No 14104/88) (Unrep, ECHR, 12/10/1992); Van Geyseghem v Belgium (App No 26103/95) (2001) 32 EHRR 24; Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform v Jastrzebski [2010] IEHC 201, (Unrep, Peart J, 12/1/2010); Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform v Jastrzebski (No 2) [2010] IEHC 202, (Unrep, Peart J, 3/2/2010); Hamilton v Hamilton [1982] IR 466; Cork County Council v Slattery Pre-Cast Concrete [2008] IEHC 291, (Unrep, Clarke J, 19/9/2008); Toss Limited v District Court Justice Ireland (Unrep, Blaney J, 24/5/1987); Stefano Melloni v Ministerio Fiscal (Case C-399/11) [2013] 2 CMLR 43; Criminal Proceedings against Pupino (Case C-105/03) [2005] ECR I- 5285; Sloan v Culligan [1992] 1 IR 223; Kenny v An Bord Pleanala (No 1) [2001] 1 IR 565; Child v Wicklow County Council [1995] 2 IR 447; Minister for Justice and Equality v Tokarski [2012] IESC 61, (Unrep, SC, 6/12/2012); Minister for Justice and Equality v Gheorghe [2009] IESC 76, (Unrep, SC, 18/11/2009); Start Mortgages Ltd v Gunn [2011] IEHC 275, (Unrep, Dunne J, 25/7/2011) and Minister for Justice and Equality v Horvath [2013] IEHC 534, (Unrep, Edwards J, 5/11/2013) considered - Criminal Justice (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2009 (Commencement) (No. 3) Order 2009 (SI 330/2009) - European Arrest Warrant Act 2003 (No 45), ss 6, 11(1), 13, 16, 20(1), 45, 45A, 45B and 45C - European Arrest Warrant (Application to Third Countries and Amendment) and Extradition (Amendment) Act 2012 (No 30), ss 6, 10 and 23 - Criminal Justice (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2009 (No 28), ss 6 and 20 - Interpretation Act 2005 (No 23), ss 16, 26 and 27 - Criminal Justice (Terrorist Offences) Act 2005 (No 2), s 68 - Planning and Development Act 2000 (No 30), s 160 - Interpretation Act 1937 (No 38), s 21(1)(c) - Registration of Title Act 1964 (No 16), s 62(7) - Constitution of Ireland 1937, Arts 15.5 and 25.4.1 - Council Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, arts 1(2), 1(3), 3, 4, 5 - Council Framework Decision 2009/299/JHA, arts 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 - Council Framework Decision 2005/214/JHA - Council Framework Decision 2006/783/JHA - Council Framework Decision 2008/909/JHA - Council Framework Decision 2008/947/JHA - Treaty on European Union, art 6(1) - Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, arts 47(2), 48(2) and 52(3) - European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms 1950, art 6 - Surrender ordered (2012/154EXT - Edwards J -...

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