Pringle v Government of Ireland and Others

JurisdictionIreland
CourtSupreme Court
JudgeDenham C.J.,Mr. Justice Hardiman,O'Donnell J.,Mr. Justice William M. McKechnie,Mr. Justice Clarke
Judgment Date19 October 2012
Neutral Citation[2012] IESC 47
Date19 October 2012
Docket Number[S.C. No. 339 of 2012]

[2012] IESC 47

THE SUPREME COURT

Denham C.J.

Murray J.

Hardiman J.

Fennelly J.

O'Donnell J.

McKechnie J.

Clarke J.

Appeal No. 339/2012
Pringle v Government of Ireland & Ors
Between/
Thomas Pringle
Plaintiff/Appellant

and

The Government of Ireland, Ireland and the Attorney General
Defendants/Respondents

CROTTY v AN TAOISEACH & ORS 1987 IR 713 1987 ILRM 400

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 267

CAMPUS OIL LTD & ORS v MIN FOR INDUSTRY & ORS (NO 2) 1983 IR 88 1984 ILRM 45

ZUCKERFABRIK SUDERDITHMARSCHEN AG v HAUPTZOLLAMT ITZEHOE; ZUCKERFABRIK SOEST GMBH v HAUPTZOLLAMT PADERBORN 1991 ECR I-415 1993 3 CMLR 1

ATLANTA FRUCHTHANDELSGESELLSCHAFT MBH & ORS v BUNDESAMT FUR ERNAHRUNG UND FORSTWIRTSCHAFT 1996 AER (EC) 31 1995 ECR I-3761 1996 1 CMLR 575

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 48

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 48(1)

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 48(2)

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 48(3)

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 48(4)

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 48(5)

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 48(6)

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 136

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION PART 3 TITLE VIII CHAP 4

EEC DECISION 2011/199 ART 1

EEC DECISION 2011/199 ART 2

EEC DECISION 2011/199 ART 2 PARA 2

EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (AMDT) ACT 2012 S1

EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES ACT 1972 S1

EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (AMDT) ACT 2012 S2(3)

CONSTITUTION ART 46

CONSTITUTION ART 29.4

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 2

CONSTITUTION ART 29.4.6

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 263

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 1(1)

EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ACT 2012 S5

EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ACT 2012 S3

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 47(1)

CONSTITUTION ART 5

CONSTITUTION ART 6

CONSTITUTION ART 15.2.1

CONSTITUTION ART 15.4

CONSTITUTION ART 17

CONSTITUTION ART 28.2

CONSTITUTION ART 28.4

EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ACT 2012 S2

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 8(2)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 10(1)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 25(1)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 25(2)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ANNEX II

EEC DECISION 2011/199 RECITAL 2

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION PART 3 TITLE VIII

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 122

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 123

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 125

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 126

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 2(1)

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 2(2)

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 4(3)

TREATY ON STABILITY COORDINATION & GOVERNANCE IN THE ECONOMIC & MONETARY UNION ART 14(2)

THIRTIETH AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION (TREATY ON STABILITY COORDINATION & GOVERNANCE IN THE ECONOMIC & MONETARY UNION) ACT 2012 S1

CONSTITUTION ART 29

CONSTITUTION ART 29.4.9

TREATY ON STABILITY COORDINATION & GOVERNANCE IN THE ECONOMIC & MONETARY UNION ART 10

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM RECITAL 5

CONSTITUTION ART 43

SINGLE EUROPEAN ACT TITLE III

TREATY ON STABILITY COORDINATION & GOVERNANCE IN THE ECONOMIC & MONETARY UNION ART 1

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 4(4)

VIENNA CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF TREATIES 23.5.1969 ART 56

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 12

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 3

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 4(8)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 8

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 37

TREATY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ART 273

CONSTITUTION ART 29.4.4

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION TITLE V

CONSTITUTION ART 29.4.1

CONSTITUTION ART 29.4.2

CONSTITUTION ART 29.5.1

CONSTITUTION ART 29.5.2

SINGLE EUROPEAN ACT ART 33

SINGLE EUROPEAN ACT TITLE II

EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (AMDT) ACT 1986 S3(3)

CONSTITUTION ART 29.4.3

CONSTITUTION ART 1

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 4

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 5

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 5(6)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 5(7)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 6

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 7

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 10

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 12(1)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 18(2)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 21

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 41

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 8(1)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 41(1)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 42(2)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 5(6)(C)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 9

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 5(6)(D)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 16

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 17

AMMINISTRAZIONE DELLE FINANZE DELLO STATO v SIMMENTHAL SPA (NO 2) 1978 ECR 629 1978 3 CMLR 263

R v SECRETARY OF STATE FOR TRANSPORT, EX PARTE FACTORTAME LTD & ORS (NO 2) 1991 1 AC 603 1990 3 WLR 818 1991 1 AER 70 1990 2 LLOYDS 351 1990 ECR I-2433 1990 3 CMLR 1

SIPLES SRL (IN LIQUIDATION) v MINISTERO DELLE FINANZE & ORS 2001 ECR I-277

CONSTITUTION ART 28

D (T) (A MINOR) & ORS v MIN FOR EDUCATION & ORS 2001 4 IR 259 2001/5/1050

SINNOTT v MIN FOR EDUCATION & ORS 2001 2 IR 545

CONSTITUTION ART 6.1

HORGAN v AN TAOISEACH & ORS 2003 2 IR 468 2003 2 ILRM 357 2003/26/6139

MCGIMPSEY v IRELAND & ORS 1988 IR 567 1989 ILRM 209 1988/9/2565

BOLAND v AN TAOISEACH & ORS 1974 IR 338

CONSTITUTION ART 41

CONSTITUTION ART 42

OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY 1991

RYAN v AG 1965 IR 294

CONSTITUTION ART 41.1.1

CONSTITUTION ART 42.1

CONSTITUTION ART 10.3

CONSTITUTION ART 10.4

CONSTITUTION ART 25.4

CONSTITUTION ART 25.5

SINGLE EUROPEAN ACT ART 30(2)

CONSTITUTION ART 11

CONSTITUTION ART 17.1.1

CONSTITUTION ART 17.2

CONSTITUTION ART 28.4.1

CONSTITUTION ART 28.12

CONSTITUTION ART 29.4.5

CONSTITUTION ART 29.6

VIENNA CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF TREATIES 23.5.1969 ART 56(1)

TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION ART 50

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 8(4)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 11

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ANNEX I

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 4(2)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 4(3)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 4(5)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 48

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 5(1)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 41(2)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 42

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 42(4)

EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ACT 2012 SCHED PART II

CONSTITUTION ART 28.4.3

CONSTITUTION (CONSEQUENTIAL PROVISIONS) ACT 1937 S6

CONSTITUTION ART 33.1

CENTRAL BANK ACT 1971 S49

COMPTROLLER & AUDITOR GENERAL (AMDT) ACT 1993 S2

CONSTITUTION ART 28.4.2

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 34

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 35

FARRELL DE VALERAS CONSTITUTION & OURS 1988

CONSTITUTION ART 29.5

CONSTITUTION ART 20

CONSTITUTION ART 21

CONSTITUTION ART 22

CONSTITUTION ART 28.7

CONSTITUTION ART 28.3

GILLILAND, STATE v GOVERNOR OF MOUNTJOY PRISON 1987 IR 201

AUSTIN THE PROVINCE OF JURISPRUDENCE DETERMINED 1954 193

CONSTITUTION ART 34

CONSTITUTION OF THE IRISH FREE STATE ART 12

MORGAN THE SEPARATION OF POWERS IN THE IRISH CONSTITUTION 1997 262-3

HOGAN THE ORIGINS OF THE IRISH CONSTITUTION 1928-1941 335

LAURENTIU v MIN FOR JUSTICE & ORS 1999 4 IR 26

WIRELESS DEALERS ASSOCIATION v MIN FOR INDUSTRY & ORS UNREP SUPREME 7.3.1956 2007/60/12985

ELLIS v O'DEA & DISTRICT JUSTICE SHIELDS 1989 IR 530

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 5(6)(B)

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM ART 5(8)

RULES OF PROCEDURE OF THE COURT OF JUSTICE ART 104A

CONSTITUTION ART 34.4.6

CONSTITUTION ART 29.10

TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN STABILITY MECHANISM RECITAL 6

CONSTITUTION ART 15.2

CONSTITUTION ART 34.1

OKUNADE v MIN FOR JUSTICE & ORS UNREP SUPREME 16.10.2012 2012 IESC 49

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Sovereignty

Constitution - International relations - Executive power - Government - State sovereignty - Treaty Establishing the European Stability Mechanism - Treaty binding upon State -- Policy - Whether referendum required to permit State to ratify treaty - Whether sovereignty fettered by treaty - Whether executive powers impermissibly alienated under treaty - Role of courts in foreign policy decisions - Injunction - Interlocutory relief - Breach of Constitution - Breach of law of European Union - Attempt to restrain implementation of measure claimed to be invalid under European Union law - Reference under preliminary reference procedure - Test to be applied - Balance of justice - Whether entitlement to injunction preventing ratification of treaty - Atlanta Fruchthandelgesellshcaft mbH v Bundesamt fur Ernahrung and Forstwirtschaft (Case C-465/93) [1995] ECR I-3761; Amministrazione delle Finanze dello Stato v Simmenthal (Case 106/77) [1978] ECR 629; [1978] 3 CMLR 263; Boland v An Taoiseach [1974] IR 338; Crotty v An Taoiseach [1987] IR 713; Campus Oil v Minister for Industry (No 2) [1983] IR 88; TD v Minister for Education [2001] 4 IR 259; Ellis v O'Dea [1989] IR 530; Horgan v Ireland [2003] 2 IR 468; Laurentiu v...

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