Tanager V Kane – Court Of Appeal Judgment

Author:Mr Jamie Ensor and Peter Bredin
Profession:Dillon Eustace


Following the decision in the Circuit Court and the interim ruling in the High Court on appeal, the Court of Appeal delivered a judgment on 31 October 2018 in relation to certain questions of law that had been case stated from the High Court owing to matters of public interest which this case raised. For determination were certain questions arising from the refusal of the Circuit Court to grant an order for possession over the defendant's family home to Tanager DAC (Tanager), the acquirer of the loan and security over the property from Bank of Scotland plc (BOS).


Following the 2010 cross-border merger between Bank of Scotland (Ireland) Limited (BOSI) and BOS, the charge over Mr Kane's family home was acquired by BOS. BOS then sold a portfolio of its loans and related security to Tanager before BOS had been registered as owner of the charge on the folio that comprised Mr Kane's home. As the merger and transfer of business from BOSI to BOS had taken effect by operation of law, no application was submitted to the Property Registration Authority of Ireland in respect of the transfer to BOS. Following the portfolio sale Tanager was registered as the owner of the charge before commencing its possession proceedings against Mr Kane.

The Circuit Court Decision

The Circuit Court dismissed Tanager's application for possession on the basis that because BOS never became the registered owner of the charge on the folio, it was not entitled to transfer the charge to Tanager. The folio showed the BOSI charge as registered and recited Tanager as the new owner of the BOSI charge with no reference to BOS.

The High Court Decision1

In the High Court, Mr Justice Noonan, in his interim ruling, identified that Mr Kane had raised a legitimate question as to the validity of the transfer of a charge from an entity which is entitled to be the registered charge holder, but was not in fact registered on the date of transmission (BOS in this instance) to the new owner (Tanager). He also suggested that if it transpired that the bulk registrations that occurred after the loan sale process from BOS to Tanager were a mistake, this could undermine the conclusiveness...

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